Connection of the keypad with control electronics

 

There are many ways to combine the keypads with the control electronics. The choice depends on the materials used, technical conditions and customer expectations. At LC Elektronik we rely on the following proven solutions.

 

Connectors for membrane keypads

 

Membrane keypads consist of many layers of film, with different properties and functions. The layer on which the paths and the contact pad are printed is a circuit layer, usually a polyester film. The most common connection solution is a flat, polyester connecting tail, which is an integral part of the circuit layer with marked conductive paths with a terminal end suitable for the assembly of the joint. Used to connect keys, SMD diodes, shielding with control electronics. We distinguish two types:

Flex connection with paths based on silver colloids

This is a series of conductive paths printed on the circuit layer by screen printing with silver pastes. The shape, number or thickness of paths can be any. Silver printing on the polyester reduces the density of the raster on the connection tail to a maximum of 1 mm. Pitch from 1 mm to 2.54 mm.

 

Recommended solutions:

  1. Hi-Flex Female Contact Crimpflex type
  2. ZIF and Non-ZIF

    Circuit with an integral flat Cu-Flex connection tail with copper-based paths

    These are flat strips of galvanically protected copper . This solution enables the use of a much denser grid of paths on the connection tail, thanks to the etching technique.

    • length of the connection tail usually up to 200 mm
    • pitch from 5 mm to 2,54 mm

    Recommended solutions:

    ZIF and Non-ZIF

       

      DWFC

      In both cases, you can extend the tail with bundle of cables using DWFC
      (discrete wire to flat cable) technology.

       

      Connectors for PCB-based keypads – printed circuit board

      In the construction of PCB-based keypads, the circuit layer has been replaced by a printed circuit board, on which a gold-plated metal membrane, which is a switching element, is mounted on one side.

      This keypad’s construction requires the use of connecting cables mounted to the printed circuit board. The cable length is virtually unlimited.

      Ways of assembling electronic components on PCBs:

      • THT type (Through Hole Reflow) – through-hole assembly, where the leads of the electronic components are threaded through the holes in the PCB and are further soldered to the conductive tracks on the opposite side of the plate than the element being assembled.

      • SMT type (Surface Mount Technology) – surface mounting, where soldering pads are on the same side as the electronic component being fastened.

       

      Recommended solutions:

      1. Wires directly soldered to PCBs
      2. ZIF connectors and WR-FFC (Flat Flexible Cable)
      3. Ribbon cables with IDC MiniModule WR-MM connector on both ends
      4. Bundle of cables with Autocom WR-WTB connector on both ends.

       

        The choice of flex connection and connectors, cables and technologies depend on the individual needs of the customer. Each project is prepared for special order.

        Our technical support will answer all your questions.

         

        Make your production and modification
        with LC Elektronik

        Here you can buy professional enclosures for your equipment.

        You will adapt your casings to your needs and give them an individual character with us.

        Engraving, printing and milling on housings – we will do it for you.

        We also design and manufacture keypads, graphic overlays, display windows and front panels.

        All in one place with one supplier and manufacturer.

        Do not waste time or money, design and manufacture your device
        or operator panel in LC Elektronik.

        Sylwia Szala
        Sylwia.Szala@lcel.com.pl
        +48 22 569 53 05

        Marcin Gapisz
        Marcin.Gapisz@lcel.com.pl
        +48 22 569 53 11

        Tomasz Kamiński
        Tomasz.Kaminski@lcel.com.pl
        +48 22 569 53 07